A number of varieties of flocculants, including inorganic flocculant, organic polymer flocculants, and natural flocculant have wide industrial applications. Among these types of flocculant, organic polymer flocculants are commonly used because they are very effective in a low dosage and inexpensive. However, they are not easily degraded and highly toxic for human being. To solve these problems, microbial flocculants or biopolymeric flocculants offers several advantages. They are biodegradable and their degradation products are harmless to the ecosystem.
A number of researches have been investigated regarding of microalgae flocculation. Flocculation of microalgae can be distinguished according to its flocculant: inorganic and organic flocculant. Inorganic flocculant can be in the form of iron-based flocculant or aluminum-based flocculant. These flocculants the most common flocculants used in waste water treatment. On the other hand, one example of organic flocculant is chitosan. Both organic flocculant and inorganic flocculant offers its advantages and disadvantages.
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